DAVID M. BETSON is the director of the Hesburgh Program in Public Service and an associate professor of economics at the University of Notre Dame. He was previously a research associate at the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin and a staff economist at the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. His research has dealt with the impact of tax and transfer programs on the economy and the distribution of income. At the National Research Council he served on the Panel to Evaluate Microsimulation Models for Social Welfare Programs of the Committee on National Statistics. He received a B.A. degree from Kalamazoo College and a Ph.D. degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

REBECCA M. BLANK is a professor of economics at Northwestern University and a faculty research associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research. She is also a member of the research faculty at Northwestern University's Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research, and she serves as codirector of its Urban Poverty Program, an interdisciplinary research and graduate training program. Prior to coming to Northwestern, she taught at Princeton University and served as a senior staff economist with the Council of Economic Advisers. Her research focuses on the interaction among the economy, government antipoverty programs, and the behavior and well-being of low-income families. She recently received the David Kershaw award, given biannually to the young scholar whose work has had the most impact on policy. She has a B.S. degree from the University of Minnesota and a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

LAWRENCE D. BOBO is professor of sociology and director of the Center for Research on Race, Politics, and Society at University of California at Los Angeles. His research interests include racial attitudes and relations, social psychology, public opinion, and political behavior. He has served on the Board of Overseers for the General Social Survey of the National Opinion Research Center, and he has been active in the work of the American Association for Public Opinion Research. At the National Research Council, he served as a senior research associate for the Committee on the Status of Black Americans. He has served on the editorial boards of Public Opinion Quarterly and Social Psychology Quarterly and is currently on the editorial board of the American Sociological Review. He is coauthor of the award-winning book Racial Attitudes in America (Harvard University Press). He received a B.A. degree from Loyola Marymount University and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Michigan.

JEANNE BROOKS-GUNN is Virginia and Leonard Marx professor in child development and professor of pediatrics at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University. She also directs the Center for Young Chil-



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