Neanderthals, 35

North America, mammals, 2728

Nuclides, defined, 20

O

Opossums, 27, 28

P

Paleontologists/paleontology, 23, 23.

See also Fossil record

Paranthropus robustus, 35

Pennsylvania laws, 44, 45

Pets, generations per million years, 7.

See also Domestication of species

Planetary motion, 12

Planetesimals, 19

Plate tectonics, theory of, 11, 53

Populations of organisms

defined, 4

DNA variations, 29

evolution of, 5, 6, 78, 2829, 50

extinct, 33, 35

highly conserved genes, 6

human, 29, 35

neutral mutations in, 29

Porpoises, 32

Primates, 8, 9, 24, 25, 31, 3233.

See also Humans

Proconsul, 25

Proteins, 4, 21, 22, 3132, 4041

Protocells, 22

Public school science curriculum

creationism in, xiixiii, 4345, 53

critical thinking in, 52

evidentiary standard for, 53

role of evolution, xixii, 43, 47

teaching the “controversies,” xiii, 52

R

Radioactive decay, 20

Radiometric dating, 17, 20, 51

Religion

compatibility of evolution with religious faith, 1214, 49

science and, xi, xiii, 12, 15, 47, 54

Reproductive

isolation, 78

success, 4, 5, 89, 50

Reptiles, 3, 89, 23, 41

RNA, 22, 31

S

SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), 5

Scaptomyza, 27

Science

contributions of, xi

defined, 10

empirical evidence, 10, 12

hypotheses, 4142, 43

and religion, xi, xiii, 12, 15, 4142, 47, 54

theory, generally, xii, 11, 42, 51

Scopes, John, 44

Sea turtles, 8

Self-replication, 22

Solar system, 19, 20, 51

South America, mammals, 2728

Speciation, 78, 26, 27

Species

defined, 1

extinct, 33

generations per million years, 7

geographic distribution, 17, 2628

highly conserved elements, 6

intermediate/transitional, 13, 22, 23

new (see Speciation)

Stars, origin of, 19, 20

Stromatolites, 21

Supernovas, 20

T

Tennessee laws, 44

Tetrapods, 23, 4, 89, 11, 23, 24, 30, 3132, 38

Theory, defined, 11

Tiktaalik, 23, 4, 11, 23, 30, 38

Traits, 4, 5, 6, 7, 24, 2829, 31, 50

U

Universe

age of, 1920, 38, 51

expansion, 1819

origin of, 1819, 5758

University of California, San Francisco, 5

V

Viruses, 4, 5, 39

W

Wallace, Alfred Russel, 12, 2223

Warm-bloodedness, 9

Whales, 23, 24, 26, 32

Wheat domestication, 6

Wolves, 24, 27



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