Evolutionary developmental biology, xii, 30

Eye, complexity of, 40, 41

F

Fishes, 1, 2-3, 4-5, 7, 23, 24, 26, 30, 41

Fossil record, xi, xii, xiii

consistency of, 3839

creationists’ view of, 38

dating, 17

earliest, 21, 23

hominids, 3335

intermediate/transitional species, 13, 9, 11, 22, 23, 38, 39

sedimentary rock, 22, 38, 4243

Fundamentalism, 37

G

Galaxies, 19, 51

General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, 13

Genes, 4, 29, 32, 39

duplication, 41

highly conserved, 6, 30, 31

similarity among organisms, 30, 31

Genetic variability, 4

Genetics, 4

Genomics, and evolution, 58

Gorillas, 31

Gravitational theory, 11, 12, 51

H

Hawaiian Islands, drosophilid flies, 2627, 29

Heliocentric theory, 11, 12, 18

Heredity, xiii, 4, 5, 12, 29.

See also DNA;

Mutations

Hominids

fossil record, 3335

Laetoli footprints, 33, 34

Homo erectus, 34, 35

Homo habilis, 34, 35

Homo sapiens, 35

Homologies, 2425

Horses, 5, 23, 27

Hox genes, 30, 41

Hubble Space Telescope, 19

Human Genome Project, 15

Humans

ancestral species, 8, 3335

chimpanzee compared, 24, 30, 31, 33, 35

DNA changes, 2930, 31, 33

evolution of, 8, 9, 12, 24, 25, 3235, 57

fossil record, 35, 38

generations per million years, 7

upright walking, 33, 34

I

Ichthyosaurs, 26

Ichthyostega, 3

Immune system, 40, 41

Intelligent design creationism

irreducible complexity argument, xiii, 4041, 53

landmark court decisions, xiixiii, 4445, 52

in public school curriculum, xixiii, 4445, 52

religious nature, xiii, 4345

scientific failings, 4043, 45

Interacademy Panel on International Issues, 49

J

John Paul II, 13

K

Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District, xiii, 44, 45

L

Lemaître, Georges, 18

Leptin, 31

Life on Earth

earliest, 21

origins of, 18, 2122

Limb evolution, 3, 9, 30, 3132, 34

M

Mammals, 30

fossil record, 38

geographic distribution, 2728

marine cetaceans, 32

transition from reptiles, 9

Meteorites, 21

Mice, 26, 30, 32

Microarray technology, 5

Microevolutionary changes, 67

Milky Way galaxy, 20, 51

Miller, Kenneth, 15

Molecular biology.

See also DNA;

RNA evidence of evolution from, 2832

Moon, 21

Mosquitoes, insecticide resistance, 39

Mutations, 45, 2829, 40, 50

N

National Human Genome Research Institute, 15

Natural selection, xiii, 4, 40.

See also Artificial selection applications outside biology, 9

defined, 5, 50

discovery, 2223

as fact, 12

industry applications, 9

microevolutionary changes, 67

and origins of life, 22

and reproductive success, 50



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