ADDITIONAL READINGS

Websites

The National Academy of Sciences maintains a website containing publications and other resources from the academies that focus on evolution and evolution education. The website also contains links to other useful websites about evolution and the nature of science that are maintained by other scientific organizations. For more information see http://nationalacademies.org/evolution.

Articles on Research Described in This Publication

Alemseged, Z., F. Spoor, W.H. Kimbel, R. Bobe, D. Geraads, D. Reed, and J.G. Wynn. 2006. A juvenile early hominid skeleton from Dikika, Ethiopia. Nature 443 (7109): 296–301.

Allwood, A.C., M.R. Walter, B.S. Kamber, C.P. Marshall, and I.W. Burch. 2006. Stromatolite reef from the Early Archaean era of Australia. Nature 441 (7094): 714–18.

Banzhaf, W., G. Beslon, S. Christensen, J.A. Foster, F. Kepes, V. Lefort, J.F. Miller, M. Radman, and J.J. Ramsden. 2006. From artificial evolution to computational evolution: a research agenda. Nature Reviews Genetics 7 (9): 729–35.

Bull, J.J., and H.A. Wichman. 2001. Applied evolution. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 183–217.

Carson, H.L. 1997. Sexual selection: A driver of genetic change in Hawaiian Drosophila. Journal of Heredity 88 (5): 343–52.

Craddock, E.M. 2000. Speciation processes in the adaptive radiation of Hawaiian plants and animals. Evolutionary Biology 31: 1–43.

Daeschler, E.B., N.H. Shubin, and F.A. Jenkins Jr. 2006. A Devonian tetrapod-like fish and the evolution of the tetrapod body plan. Nature 440 (7085): 757–63.

Kent, W.J., R. Baertsch, A. Hinrichs, W. Miller, and D. Haussler. 2003. Evolution’s cauldron: duplication, deletion, and rearrangement in the mouse and human genomes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100 (20): 11484–89.

Ksiazek, T.G., D. Erdman, C.S. Goldsmith, S.R. Zaki, T. Peret, S. Emery, S. Tong, C. Urbani, J.A. Comer, W. Lim, P.E. Rollin, S.F. Dowell, A.E. Ling, C.D. Humphrey, W.J. Shieh, J. Guarner, C.D. Paddock, P. Rota, B. Fields, J. DeRisi, J.Y. Yang, N. Cox, J.M. Hughes, J.W. LeDuc, W.J. Bellini, L.J. Anderson—SARS Working Group. 2003. A novel coronavirus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine 348 (20): 1953–66.

Miller, J.D., E.D. Scott, and S. Okamoto. 2006. Public acceptance of evolution. Science 313 (5788): 765–66.

Reznick, D.N., F.H. Shaw, F.H. Rodd, and R.G. Shaw. 1997. Evaluation of the rate of evolution in natural populations of guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Science 275 (5308): 1934–37.

Salamini, F., H. Ozkan, A. Brandolini, R. Schafer-Pregl, and W. Martin. 2002. Genetics and geography of wild cereal domestication in the Near East. Nature Reviews Genetics 3 (6): 429–41.

Shubin, N.H., E.B. Daeschler, and F.A. Jenkins Jr. 2006. The pectoral fin of Tiktaalik roseae and the origin of the tetrapod limb. Nature 440 (7085): 764–71.

Thewissen, J.G., M.J. Cohn, L.S. Stevens, S. Bajpai, J. Heyning, and W.E. Horton Jr. 2006. Developmental basis for hind-limb loss in dolphins and origin of the cetacean bodyplan. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103 (22): 8414–18.

Thewissen, J.G., E.M. Williams, L.J. Roe, and S.T. Hussain. 2001. Skeletons of terrestrial cetaceans and the relationship of whales to artiodactyls. Nature 413 (6853): 277–81.

You, H.L., M.C. Lamanna, J.D. Harris, L.M. Chiappe, J. O’Connor, S.A. Ji , J.C. Lu, C.X. Yuan, D.Q. Li, X. Zhang, K.J. Lacovara, P. Dodson, and Q. Ji. 2006. A nearly modern amphibious bird from the Early Cretaceous of northwestern China. Science 312 (5780): 1640–43.



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Kent, W.J., R. Baertsch, A. Hinrichs, W. Miller, and additional readingS D. Haussler. 2003. Evolution’s cauldron: duplication, deletion, and rearrangement in the mouse and human genomes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100 (20): 11484–89. Ksiazek, T.G., D. Erdman, C.S. Goldsmith, S.R. Zaki, Websites T. Peret, S. Emery, S. Tong, C. Urbani, J.A. Comer, W. Lim, P.E. Rollin, S.F. Dowell, A.E. Ling, C.D. The National Academy of Sciences maintains a web- Humphrey, W.J. Shieh, J. Guarner, C.D. Paddock, site containing publications and other resources from P. Rota, B. Fields, J. DeRisi, J.Y. Yang, N. Cox, J.M. the academies that focus on evolution and evolution Hughes, J.W. LeDuc, W.J. Bellini, L.J. Anderson— education. The website also contains links to other SARS Working Group. 2003. A novel coronavirus asso- useful websites about evolution and the nature of sci- ciated with severe acute respiratory syndrome. New ence that are maintained by other scientific organiza- England Journal of Medicine 348 (20): 1953–66. tions. For more information see http://nationalacad- emies.org/evolution. Miller, J.D., E.D. Scott, and S. Okamoto. 2006. Public acceptance of evolution. Science 313 (5788): 765–66. Reznick, D.N., F.H. Shaw, F.H. Rodd, and R.G. Shaw. Articles on Research Described in This Publication 1997. Evaluation of the rate of evolution in natural populations of guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Science 275 Alemseged, Z., F. Spoor, W.H. Kimbel, R. Bobe, D. (5308): 1934–37. Geraads, D. Reed, and J.G. Wynn. 2006. A juvenile early hominid skeleton from Dikika, Ethiopia. Nature Salamini, F., H. Ozkan, A. Brandolini, R. Schafer-Pregl, 443 (7109): 296–301. and W. Martin. 2002. Genetics and geography of wild cereal domestication in the Near East. Nature Reviews Allwood, A.C., M.R. Walter, B.S. Kamber, C.P. Genetics 3 (6): 429–41. Marshall, and I.W. Burch. 2006. Stromatolite reef from the Early Archaean era of Australia. Nature 441 (7094): Shubin, N.H., E.B. Daeschler, and F.A. Jenkins Jr. 2006. 714–18. The pectoral fin of Tiktaalik roseae and the origin of the tetrapod limb. Nature 440 (7085): 764–71. Banzhaf, W., G. Beslon, S. Christensen, J.A. Foster, F. Kepes, V. Lefort, J.F. Miller, M. Radman, and J.J. Thewissen, J.G., M.J. Cohn, L.S. Stevens, S. Bajpai, J. Ramsden. 2006. From artificial evolution to compu- Heyning, and W.E. Horton Jr. 2006. Developmental tational evolution: a research agenda. Nature Reviews basis for hind-limb loss in dolphins and origin of the Genetics 7 (9): 729–35. cetacean bodyplan. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103 (22): 8414–18. Bull, J.J., and H.A. Wichman. 2001. Applied evolution. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 183–217. Thewissen, J.G., E.M. Williams, L.J. Roe, and S.T. Hussain. 2001. Skeletons of terrestrial cetaceans and Carson, H.L. 1997. Sexual selection: A driver of genetic the relationship of whales to artiodactyls. Nature 413 change in Hawaiian Drosophila. Journal of Heredity 88 (6853): 277–81. (5): 343–52. You, H.L., M.C. Lamanna, J.D. Harris, L.M. Chiappe, Craddock, E.M. 2000. Speciation processes in the J. O’Connor, S.A. Ji , J.C. Lu, C.X. Yuan, D.Q. Li, X. adaptive radiation of Hawaiian plants and animals. Zhang, K.J. Lacovara, P. Dodson, and Q. Ji. 2006. Evolutionary Biology 31: 1–43. A nearly modern amphibious bird from the Early Cretaceous of northwestern China. Science 312 (5780): Daeschler, E.B., N.H. Shubin, and F.A. Jenkins Jr. 2006. 1640–43. A Devonian tetrapod-like fish and the evolution of the tetrapod body plan. Nature 440 (7085): 757–63. Science, evolution, and creationiSm 55

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Books on Evolution, the Nature of Science, and Hazen, Robert M. 2006. Genesis: The Scientific Quest for Science Education Life’s Origins. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press. An engaging introduction to current ideas about The following list of references represents a sampling of the origin of life on Earth, featuring vivid descriptions the vast literature available on evolution, science, and sci- of the experiments Hazen and others are doing to test ence education. Please visit our World Wide Web address, possible mechanisms. http://nationalacademies.org/evolution, for more exten- sive resource listings for these subjects. The National Horner, John R., and Edwin Dobb. 1997. Dinosaur Lives: Academy of Sciences does not endorse all the views or Unearthing an Evolutionary Saga. New York: Harper perspectives expressed by the authors of the following Collins. books. What it’s like to uncover fossilized bones, eggs, and more, plus Horner’s views on dinosaurs and evolution. Books on Evolution Kirschner, Marc W., and John C. Gerhart. 2005. The Plausibility of Life: Resolving Darwin’s Dilemma. New Ayala, Francisco J. 2007. Darwin’s Gift to Science and Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Religion. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press. Explains how small changes in the DNA of an An evolutionary biologist with a background in organism can produce new biological structures and theology explains the science of evolution and its com- systems. patibility with faith. Mayr, Ernst. 2001. What Evolution Is. New York: Basic Carroll, Sean B. 2006. The Making of the Fittest: DNA Books. and the Ultimate Forensic Record of Evolution. New York: An authoritative and comprehensive overview of Norton. evolutionary theory. Links changes in DNA over time to the evolution of organisms and explores the new science of evolu- Mindell, David P. 2006. The Evolving World: Evolution tionary-development biology, or “evo-devo.” in Everyday Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Dawkins, Richard. 1996. Climbing Mount Improbable. Describes the many practical applications of evo- New York: Norton. lutionary knowledge in medicine, agriculture, conser- An authoritative and elegant account of the evolu- vation biology, and other fields. tionary origins of the “design” of organisms. National Academy of Sciences. 1998. Teaching About Dennett, Daniel C. 1995. Darwin’s Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Nature of Science. Washington, DC: Evolution and the Meanings of Life. New York: Simon and National Academy Press. Schuster. A guide for educators, policy makers, parents, An exploration of Darwin’s conceptual advances and others that offers guidance on teaching about evo- and of how those advances have influenced other areas lution and the nature of science. of thought. Weiner, Jonathan. 1994. The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Fortey, Richard. 1998. Life: A Natural History of the First Evolution in Our Time. New York: Knopf. Four Billion Years of Life on Earth. New York: Knopf. Discussion of basic evolutionary principles and A lively account of the history of life on Earth. how they are illustrated by ongoing evolution of the finches on the Galápagos Islands. Gould, Stephen J. 1992. The Panda’s Thumb. New York: W.W. Norton. Zimmer, Carl. 2002. Evolution: The Triumph of an Idea. Gould’s columns from Natural History magazine New York: Harper. have been collected into a series of books, includ- A broad overview of evolution — and companion ing Ever Since Darwin, Hen’s Teeth and Horses’ Toes, to a PBS series of the same name — that examines the Eight Little Piggies, The Flamingo’s Smile, and Bully for influence and scope of Darwin’s ideas. Brontosaurus. All are good popular introductions to the basic ideas behind evolution, and extremely readable. Science, evolution, and creationiSm 56

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Lawson, Kristan. 2003. Darwin and Evolution for Kids: Books on the Evolution of Humans His Life and Ideas with 21 Activities. Chicago: Chicago Cela-Conde, Camilo J., and Francisco J. Ayala. 2007. Review. Human Evolution: Trails from the Past. New York: Oxford A life of Darwin combined with activities such as University Press. making a taxonomy and investigating geological strata. A comprehensive overview of the evolution of Grades 5–9. humans that draws from fields ranging from genomics and paleoanthropology to ethics and religion. Matsen, Bradford. 1994. Planet Ocean: A Story of Life, the Sea, and Dancing to the Fossil Record. Berkeley, CA: Ten Diamond, Jared. 1993, reissued in 2006. The Third Speed Press. Whimsically illustrated tour of history for older Chimpanzee: The Evolution and Future of the Human Animal. New York: Harper Perennial. kids and adults. Grades 6–10. Discusses the similarities and differences between humans and chimpanzees. McNulty, Faith. 1999. How Whales Walked into the Sea. New York: Scholastic. Howells, William W. 1997. Getting Here: The Story of This wonderfully illustrated book describes the Human Evolution. Washington, DC: Compass Press. evolution of whales from land mammals. Grades K–5. A readable survey of human evolution by one of the fathers of physical anthropology. Peters, Lisa W. 2003. Our Family Tree: An Evolution Story. New York: Harcourt. Stringer, Chris, and Peter Andrews. 2005. The Complete A beautifully illustrated picture book that empha- World of Human Evolution. New York: Thames and sizes the relatedness of all living things. Grades K–5. Hudson. A thorough, well-illustrated, and up-to-date guide Troll, Ray, and Bradford Matsen. 1996. Raptors, Fossils, to the evolution of human beings from our nonhuman Fins & Fangs: A Prehistoric Creature Feature. Berkeley, ancestors. CA: Tricycle Press. A light-hearted trip through time (“Good Tattersall, Ian. 1998. Becoming Human: Evolution and Gracious—Cretaceous!”). Grades 3–6. Human Uniqueness. New York: Harcourt Brace. A description of the current state of understanding about the differences between Neanderthals and mod- Books on the Origin of the Universe and the Earth ern humans. Astronomy Education Board. 2004. An Ancient Zimmer, Carl. 2005. Smithsonian Intimate Guide to Universe: How Astronomers Know the Vast Scale of Cosmic Human Origins. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books. Time. Washington, DC: American Astronomical Society A succinct guide to the complex story of human and Astronomical Society of the Pacific. evolution. A guide for teachers, students, and the public to the methods astronomers have used to date the cosmos. Dalrymple, G. Brent. 2004. Ancient Earth, Ancient Skies: Books on Evolution for Children and Young Adults The Age of Earth and Its Cosmic Surroundings. Palo Alto, Jenkins, Steve. 2002. Life on Earth: The Story of Evolution. CA: Stanford University Press. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. A comprehensive discussion of the evidence for A remarkably broad and detailed introduction to the ages of the Earth, Moon, meteorites, solar system, evolutionary theory. Grades 2–6. galaxy, and universe. Lauber, Patricia. 1994. How Dinosaurs Came to Be. New Longair, Malcolm S. 2006. The Cosmic Century: A History York: Simon and Schuster. of Astrophysics and Cosmology. New York: Cambridge. A description of the dinosaurs and their ancestors. A review of the historical development of astro- Grades 4–7. physics and cosmology, with an emphasis on the theo- retical concepts that tie these fields to other areas of science. Science, evolution, and creationiSm 57

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Tyson, Neil D. 2007. Death by Black Hole: And Other Alternating chapters present the findings of sci- Cosmic Quandaries. New York: W. W. Norton. ence and the Christian response to those findings in a A collection of essays from Tyson’s monthly publication generated as part of the dialogue on sci- ”Universe” column in Natural History magazine on ence, ethics, and religion sponsored by the AAAS. how science works and how we have come to under- stand our place in the universe. Collins, Francis. 2006. The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief. New York: Free Press. Tyson, Neil D., and Donald Goldsmith. 2004. Origins: The director of the Human Genome Project Fourteen Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution. New York: W. describes his religious beliefs in the context of his sci- W. Norton. entific research. The companion book to the NOVA series “Origins,” conveys the latest understanding of the ori- Forrest, Barbara, and Paul R. Gross. 2004. Creationism’s gin of the universe, galaxies, stars, planets, and life. Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design. New York: Oxford University Press. Weinberg, Steven. 1993. The First Three Minutes: A A close analysis of the positions and tactics taken Modern View of the Origin of the Universe. New York: by the intelligent design branch of creationism. Basic Books. An explanation of what happened during the Big Humes, Edward. 2007. Monkey Girl: Evolution, Bang. Education, Religion, and the Battle for America’s Soul. New York: HarperCollins. An eyewitness account of the Kitzmiller vs. Dover Area School District trial. Books on Genomics and Evolution DeSalle, Rob, and Michael Yudell. 2004. Welcome to the Kitcher, Philip. 2006. Living with Darwin: Evolution, Design, and the Future of Faith. New York: Oxford Genome: A User’s Guide to the Genetic Past, Present, and Future. New York: Wiley. University Press. Discusses the science, the applications, and the A philosopher of science compares different ver- potential of human genetics. sions of creationism to evolution while examining the broader differences between religious and scientific Ridley, Matt. 1999. Genome: The Autobiography of a perspectives. Species in 23 Chapters. New York: HarperCollins. A chromosome-by-chromosome investigation of Matsumura, Molleen. 1995. Voices for Evolution. how genetics research could change human life. Berkeley, CA: National Center for Science Education. Continually updated at http://www.ncseweb.org/ Watson, James D., and Andrew Berry. 2003. DNA: The article.asp?category=2. Secret of Life. New York: Knopf. A collection of statements supporting the A history of genetics written in part by the scien- teaching of evolution from many different types of tist who uncovered the structure of DNA. organizations: scientific, civil liberties, religious, and educational. Miller, Kenneth R. 1999. Finding Darwin’s God: A Books on the Evolution and Creationism Controversy Scientist’s Search for Common Ground Between God and Ayala, Francisco J. 2006. Darwin and Intelligent Design. Evolution. New York: HarperCollins. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press. A biologist seeks to reconcile evolutionary theory A comparison of evolutionary theory with the with a belief in God. ideas proposed by the backers of “intelligent design creationism.” Moore, John A. 2002. From Genesis to Genetics: The Case of Evolution and Creationism. Berkeley, CA: University Baker, Catherine, and James B. Miller. 2006. The of California Press. An argument for the educational importance of Evolution Dialogues: Science, Christianity, and the Quest for Understanding. Washington, DC: American teaching evolution. Association for the Advancement of Science. Science, evolution, and creationiSm 58

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Nelkin, Dorothy. 2000. The Creation Controversy: Science Ruse, Michael. 2005. The Evolution-Creation Struggle. or Scripture in Schools. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, Inc. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. A sociologist of science examines the controver- A history of the reaction to Darwin’s ideas that sies in Kansas about teaching evolution and questions offers constructive suggestions for advocates on both about the public’s trust in science. sides of the debate. Pennock, Robert T. 1999. Tower of Babel: The Evidence Scott, Eugenie. 2005. Evolution vs. Creationism: An Against the New Creationism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Introduction. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Press. A philosopher of science analyzes “intelligent Written by the executive director of the National design” and “theistic science” creationism. Center for Science Education, this survey of the issues surrounding debates over evolution and creation- Pennock, Robert T., ed. 2001. Intelligent Design ism includes useful lists of primary documents and resources. Creationism and Its Critics: Philosophical, Theological, and Scientific Perspectives. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. A collection of papers by creationists and their Scott, Eugenie, and Glenn Branch, eds. 2006. Not in critics, with a particular focus on “intelligent design Our Classrooms: Why Intelligent Design Is Wrong for Our creationism.” Schools. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. A collection of essays that examines the history of Pigliucci, Massimo. 2002. Denying Evolution: “intelligent design creationism” and the legal contro- versies surrounding its introduction into public school Creationism, Scientism, and the Nature of Science. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates. classrooms. Examines the history of the evolution/creation- ism “debate” and provides detailed information about what the author sees as fallacies by both creationists and scientists. Science, evolution, and creationiSm 59