settings. These two studies suggest that a CAI format for presenting instruction to young children with autism may be useful, but the results are far from conclusive and require further study.

FROM RESEARCH TO PRACTICE

There is need for research on the development of more specific measures of important areas of outcome in cognition, including the acquisition and generalization of problem-solving and other cognitive skills in natural contexts (e.g., the classroom and the home) and the effects of these skills on families and other aspects of children’s lives. There is also a need for research to define appropriate sequences of skills that should be taught through educational programs for young children with autistic spectrum disorders, as well as methods for selecting those sequences, while developing programs for individual children.



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