Her work has focused on research and clinical care in autism, including policy issues and the integration of research and practice.

JOANNE M.CAFIERO is a special education consultant and augmentative communication and assistive technology specialist. She is a faculty member of the Department of Special Education at Johns Hopkins University. She also consults with several school systems in developing state-of-the-art, eclectic, assistive technology programs for children with autism spectrum disorders, and she supports practitioners and families whose lives involve children with autism. She is currently conducting research on how children with severe communication impairments and autism learn literacy and language, what models for instruction are most effective, and how to apply research data to practice.

PAULINE A.FILIPEK is associate professor in residence of pediatrics and neurology at the College of Medicine at the University of California, Irvine (UCI), codirector of the UCI Autism Research Project. She is a child neurologist who has specific clinical and research interests in the developmental disorders, particularly autism. She codeveloped a method of using magnetic resonance imaging to investigate developmental brain anomalies in developmental disorders, primarily autism, learning disabilities, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. She was the chair of the American Academy of Neurology/Child Neurology Society (AAN/ CNS) committee that established the Practice Parameter: Screening and Diagnosis of Autism, and will reconvene another AAN/CNS committee in fall 2001 to establish the Practice Parameter: Treatment of Autism.

JAMES J.GALLAGHER is a Kenan professor of education and senior investigator at the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. He was the first director of the Bureau of Education for the Handicapped in the U.S. Office of Education and also Deputy Assistant Secretary for Planning, Research and Evaluation in the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. He served for 17 years as director of the Frank Porter Graham Center at UNC-Chapel Hill. He has served as the president of the Council for Exceptional Children and is the senior author of a popular textbook Educating Exceptional Children, now in its tenth edition.

SANDRA L.HARRIS is a professor in the Department of Clinical Psychology of the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology at Rutgers University, and the founder and executive director of the Douglass Developmental Disabilities Center at Rutgers. The center provides services for people with autism across the life span. Her primary



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