McEachin, J.J., T.Smith, and O.I.Lovaas 1993 Long-term outcomes for children with autism who received early intensive behavioral treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation 97:359–372.

Minshew, N.J., J.A.Sweeney, and M.L.Bauman 1997 Neurological aspects of autism. In Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, 2nd ed. D.Cohen and F.Volkmar, eds. New York: John Wiley.

Rogers, S.J. 1998 Empirically supported comprehensive treatments for young children with autism. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 27:168–179.

Rogers, S.J., and D.DiLalla 1991 Comparative study of a developmentally based preschool curriculum on young children with autism and young children with other disorders of behavior and development. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education 11:29–48.


Schopler, E., R.Reichler, and B.Rochen-Renner 1988 The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.

Schwartz, I.S., and D.M.Baer 1991 Social validity assessment: Is current practice state of the art? Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 24:189–204.

Schwartz, I.S., S.R.Sandall, A.N.Garfinkle, and J.Bauer 1998 Outcomes for children with autism: Three case studies. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education 18:132–143.

Siegel B. 1998 Early Screening and Diagnosis in Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test. Paper presented at the NIH State of the Science in Autism: Screening and Diagnosis Working Conference, June 15–17, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Sigman, M., and E.Ruskin 1999 Continuity and changes in the social competence of children with autism, Down syndrome, and developmental delays. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 64(1):v–114.

Smith, T., A.D.Groen, and J.W.Wynn 2000 A randomized trial of intensive early intervention for children with pervasive developmental disorder. American Journal on Mental Retardation 5(4):269–285.

Stone, W.L. 1998 Descriptive Information About the Screening Tool for Autism in Two-Year-Olds (STAT). Paper presented at the NIH State of the Science in Autism: Screening and Diagnosis Working Conference, June 15–17, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Stone, W.L., E.E.Coonrod, and O.Y.Ousley 2000 Brief report: Screening tool for autism in two-year-olds (STAT): Development and preliminary data. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30(6):607– 612.

Strain, P.S. 2000 Personal Communication to the Committee on Educational Interventions, National Research Council, Washington, DC.

Strain, P.S., and M.Hoyson 2000 On the need for longitudinal, intensive social skill intervention: LEAP follow-up outcomes for children as a case in point. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education 20:116–122.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement